随笔南洋网



 
标题: Even after 40 years, China can still learn from Singapore
siresun
中级会员
Rank: 3Rank: 3Rank: 3



UID 113579
精华 7
积分 741
帖子 306
威望 431 点
阅读权限 10
注册 2012-12-6
状态 离线
发表于 2018-12-20 10:58  资料 个人空间 短消息 
Even after 40 years, China can still learn from Singapore

SCMP.COM
Even after 40 years, China can still learn from Singapore



https://www.scmp.com/comment/ins ... ngapore#add-comment


PUBLISHED : Thursday, 20 December, 2018, 6:30am
UPDATED : Thursday, 20 December, 2018, 6:35am

Comment›Insight & Opinion›Asia
Sun Xi
Sun Xi says the city state, a key role model for a modernising China, remains far ahead in social development and governance, and continues to have lessons to share In economic development, the learning is now mutual. As China powers ahead in innovation, including AI, it, too, has lessons of its own to teach
This week marks the 40th anniversary of the official start of China’s reform and opening up, when the third plenary session of the Communist Party’s 11th Central Committee was held from December 18 to 22, 1978.

Just one month before the historic conference, in November 1978, Deng Xiaoping visited Singapore, marvelling over its achievements in development. During the trip, Singapore’s founding prime minister Lee Kuan Yew [1] told Deng: “Whatever we have done, you can do better because we are the descendants of the landless peasants of south China. You have the scholars, you have the scientists, you have the specialists. Whatever we do, you will do better.”

At that time, Deng did not respond. However, a few years later in speeches during his famous 1992 southern tour, Deng said China must learn from Singapore and would do better. China subsequently initiated a large-scale campaign of learning from Singapore. Now, 40 years later, has China done better than Singapore?


First, in terms of economic achievements, both China’s and Singapore’s performances have been extraordinary.

Over the past 40 years, China’s gross domestic product has grown at a stunning average annual rate of 9.5 per cent. It is now the world’s second-largest economy, after only the United States. Meanwhile, it has successfully lifted 800 million people from abject poverty, an amazing feat in human history. Today, China’s foreign exchange reserves, manufacturing capacity and international trade volumes are all No 1 in the world.

Lessons of past point way ahead for Xi Jinping as opening up goes on [2]

The Singapore story is no less impressive. When it became independent in 1965, its nominal GDP per capita was around US$500, similar to that of Mexico and South Africa. Today, it is higher than Germany’s and catching up with the US. Singapore is now one of the world’s richest, most open and competitive, and least corrupt economies.

In the past, China learned a lot from Singapore on how to run an economy. However, nowadays, Singapore is also realising the urgency to learn from a rapidly growing China, especially in the areas of innovation, where China leads – in fields such as mobile payment, the sharing economy and artificial intelligence. The two nations have entered a new era of mutual learning.


Second, in terms of social development, China is obviously lagging behind Singapore. As a globally renowned “Garden City”, Singapore is one of the cleanest and most orderly countries in the world, while China is fighting massive environmental pollution and pushing for a “toilet revolution”.

Singapore has developed a very comprehensive and robust social security system, covering housing, health care, education and retirement – all of which remain top concerns in China.

Take housing as an example. In 1947, Singapore was described as having “one of the world’s worst slums – a disgrace to a civilised community” in a report by the British colonial government. Singapore turned that around by implementing a public housing programme that boosted the home ownership rate to 90.7 per cent in 2017, one of the highest in the world. By contrast, China is still struggling to build enough affordable housing and dealing with a property bubble that may threaten social stability.


Third, in terms of governance, China still has a long way to go to catch up with Singapore. Putting aside the controversial topic of Western-style democracy, Singapore has gained a reputation for strictly upholding the rule of law, ranking top in Asia and 13th globally in the World Justice Project’s Rule of Law Index 2017-2018 [3]. China ranked 75th out of 113 countries.

While China lags behind Singapore in most such global indices, we must also be aware that the two countries are vastly different. Singapore is a small city state with limited natural resources, while China is a big country with many complex problems.

The Chinese cartoons with a revolutionary message for Singapore [4]

Singapore’s former foreign minister George Yeo once said of the bilateral relationship: “I would describe Singapore as a bonsai, which is of occasional interest to China because of genetic similarities.” That is a humble way to put it.

As a sovereign nation, Singapore is not a Chinese country, but it has a majority ethnic Chinese population. That is why many of Singapore’s best practices are still relevant to China, and it remains the ideal role model for China, at least for some time. China should continue to humbly and wisely learn from Singapore.

Sun Xi is a China-born alumnus of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore. He is now an independent commentary writer based in Singapore
顶部
siresun
中级会员
Rank: 3Rank: 3Rank: 3



UID 113579
精华 7
积分 741
帖子 306
威望 431 点
阅读权限 10
注册 2012-12-6
状态 离线
发表于 2018-12-20 10:59  资料 个人空间 短消息 
中國改革開放40而不惑?

1978年11月12日至13日,鄧小平正式訪問新加坡,驚嘆於「小島國」在李光耀的帶領下取得的非凡成就,據說此訪對鄧小平影響很大,更加堅定他推動中國「對內改革、對外開放」的決心。一個月後的12月18日至22日,中共11屆三中全會召開,正式開啟中國改革開放的歷史性大幕。

想當年,李光耀自謙地調侃鄧小平:「你們完全可以做得比我們更好,因為我們是中國南方沒有土地的農民後代。你們有學者、有科學家、有專家。你們將比我們做得更好。」據說當時鄧小平似有所感觸,不過選擇沉默以對。如今40年過去了,中國到底有沒有比新加坡做得更好呢?估計見仁見智吧。

從經濟上看,中國改革開放成就斐然,毋庸置疑。40年來,中國國內生產總值(GDP)年均實際增長率高達9.3%,乃人類經濟發展史一大奇蹟;中國GDP體量從占世界經濟總量的1.8%,躍升至如今的約15%,穩居全球第二,僅次於美國。同時,中國實現了糧食自給自足,成功使8億人脫離絕對貧困,創造人類歷史上最快、最大規模的減貧奇蹟。如今,中國外匯儲備、製造業和國際貿易規模均居世界第一位。

據世界銀行統計,1990年中新兩國建交時,中國的GDP不到新加坡的10倍,而如今則已接近40倍。如今在「中國式創新」的移動支付、共享經濟、人工智能等方面,新加坡甚至正轉向學習中國。不過,在社會治理方面,新加坡「花園城市」、「居者有其屋」和「病有所醫、老有所養」的成就早已享譽全球,中國要趕的路還很長。而在國家治理方面,新加坡法治嚴明、政風清廉、行政高效,這些方面目前則仍是中國式治理的軟肋。

顯而易見,中國未來可以向新加坡學習的東西還很多,但崛起的中國還願不願意、值不值得放下身段,繼續謙虛謹慎地向「小紅點」新加坡學習,成了中國社會的一大困惑。40年過去了,如今中國改革開放似乎又面臨了危機,那就是如火如荼的中美貿易戰和陰雲密布的中美「新冷戰」。未來的路到底在何方,該怎麼走,則是中國社會當下所面對的更大困惑。

其實,中國不用困惑,也不用太擔心,因為「危」局也意味著「機」遇。回顧來時路,中國的改革開放其實在很大程度上,正是一次次危機直接或間接推動前行的,而且多次轉危為機。

「文化大革命」十年浩劫的慘痛教訓,孕育了改革開放的強大內生動力;80年代末的那場政治危機,則加速了經濟改革的實質性進程;90年末的亞洲金融危機,推動中國經濟走向市場化;2008年的國際金融危機,則迫使中國經濟轉型升級。如今,美國川普政府對華展開貿易戰和科技戰,試圖全面遏制中國進一步崛起。

短期看,這的確給中國發展造成不小麻煩;不過從長計議,也許未必是件壞事,因為這種外部壓力實際上倒逼中國的進一步改革開放,並更加堅定中國走自主創新之路。未來回過頭來看,也許這種挑戰正是實現「中國夢」的必答題和必經之痛。

人生40而不惑,40歲的中國改革開放,似乎又站到一個新的歷史十字路口。對未來之路,中國領導人貌似已下定決心,即堅持和發展中國特色社會主義,中國改革的步伐不會停止,只會逐步深化;中國開放的大門不會關閉,只會越開越大!不過,未來中國改革的邊界該有多寬,開放的尺度該有多大,社會各界仍有很大爭議,我們唯有拭目以待。(作者是旅居新加坡的中國籍獨立時評人)
顶部
siresun
中级会员
Rank: 3Rank: 3Rank: 3



UID 113579
精华 7
积分 741
帖子 306
威望 431 点
阅读权限 10
注册 2012-12-6
状态 离线
发表于 2018-12-21 14:55  资料 个人空间 短消息 
Ho Ching concurs on how China can learn from Singapore

theindependent.sg/ho-ching-concurs-as-bilahari-kausikan-weighs-in-on-how-china-can-learn-from-singapore/

Former Singaporean diplomat Bilahari Kausikan, who is not shy about airing his views on social media, took to Facebook earlier today to weigh in on how China can learn from Singapore.

Mr Bilahari shared an article published on the South China Morning Post titled, ‘Even after 40 years, China can still learn from Singapore’. One point the article touched on was how China has a majority ethnic population, just like Singapore.

Hi post was ‘liked’ and ‘shared’ by Ho Ching, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Temasek Holdings.

In his post, Mr Bilahari pointed out that, “One issue — not mentioned in this article — that China can learn is how Singapore has managed its Muslim community.as compared to what is happening in Xinjiang and elsewhere”.


He added, “Indeed, if you did not know Singapore, you could read this article without learning that Singapore is multiracial. And yet the author has lived and worked in Singapore for many years and the management of multiracialism is the foundation of everything else. This blind-spot is shared by many Chinese”.



The wife of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Mdm Ho Ching, however, chose to touch on a different aspect of Singapore.

She, who is rather active on Facebook, yet rarely adds commentary to her posts, said, “One of SG’s strengths is the openness to new ideas, and to be open minded, and learn and adapt from all over the world. One of SG’s weaknesses is a lack of self confidence to be bolder in welcoming the new”.

She continued, “It’s like the fine balance between genius and madness – the tension is always there – but we should be mindful that as we live longer, that we don’t over tilt towards old thinking versus freshness of youth and the young”.


Many netizens weighed in on the issue as well, some agreeing, others saying that the comparison between the two countries was not entirely a fair one.

[ 本帖最后由 siresun 于 2018-12-21 16:09 编辑 ]
顶部
 




当前时区 GMT+8, 现在时间是 2019-2-16 13:50

    本论坛支付平台由支付宝提供
携手打造安全诚信的交易社区 Powered by Discuz! 5.0.0  © 2001-2006 Comsenz Inc.
Processed in 0.022008 second(s), 7 queries , Gzip enabled

清除 Cookies - 联系我们 - 随笔南洋网 - Archiver