随笔南洋网


« 2022-12-1  
 
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031



搜索文集




在线用户: 1

0 位会员, 1 位游客

《白话英文》的三大守则
《白话英文》的三大守则


1.        Use no more words than are necessary to express your meaning, for if you use more you are likely to obscure it and tire your reader。 In particular do not use superfluous adjectives and adverbs, and do not use roundabout phrases where single words would serve。

不要用过多的字去表达你的意思,因为这只会让意思模糊,让读者烦。特别是:不要用多余的形容词和副词,也不要用拐弯抹角的片语,如果单字足以表达意思。

2.        Use familiar words rather than the far-fetched, if they express your meaning equally well; for the familiar are more likely to be readily understood。

用大家熟习的字,不要用艰难的字,如果它们可以一样好地表达你的意思:因为熟习的字让人容易了解。

3.        Use words with a precise meaning rather than those that are vague; and in particular, prefer concrete words to abstract, for they are more likely to have a precise meaning。

用明白的字,不用模棱两可的字;特别是:宁用具体的字,不用抽象的字,因为它们能明白地表达意思。


摘自 《 The Complete Plain Words 》(白话英文完全手册)By Sir Ernest Gowers


[ 本帖最后由 苏杭 于 2010-6-11 13:57 编辑 ]

4 评论

Using simple words can get a mere pass.  Using more accurate and fine words (not necessarily difficult & not necessarily simple) in an essay can normally score a better grade.  The words, familiar or not, must be used in the right context naturally. In General Paper, a candidate is expected to used words that are up to the higher standard, however abstract they might be.

[ 本帖最后由 小草 于 2010-6-23 22:41 编辑 ]

小草 Rank: 3Rank: 3Rank: 3 2010-6-23 22:25



QUOTE:
原帖由 小草 于 2010-6-23 22:25 发表
Using simple words can get a mere pass.  Using more accurate and fine words (not necessarily difficult & not necessarily simple) in an essay can normally score a better grade.  The words, fam ...

如果小草网友有读我之前写的“不浪费文字的人”(副题:介绍吴庆瑞博士推荐的一本好书《The Complete Plain Words》),就会知道这本书针对的对象是政府公务员(不是在藉学生,也不是为他们考GP而写的 ),用意在於提高他们工作上书写英文的技巧。我在较后贴上的两篇短文就是摘录自《The Complete Plain Words》(白话英文完全手册)的,我希望以它们去引起网友对这本书的兴趣。谢谢小草网友的留言与意见。

[ 本帖最后由 苏杭 于 2010-6-24 10:40 编辑 ]

苏杭 Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6 2010-6-24 10:39

I would like to see from the perspective of a student in general and a candidate in particular.  Preferrably, I would regard myself as a school student of various subjects even though I'm a working adult for years.  It's quite a different feeling as it sparks off the zeal of learning more unfamiliar words and knowledge for use in the work periodically.  I can understand the need to use plain and simple words during interaction officially. However, to improve oneself (non-officially), one needs to go the extra mile of exploration, especially in language issue.

[ 本帖最后由 小草 于 2010-6-24 18:00 编辑 ]

小草 Rank: 3Rank: 3Rank: 3 2010-6-24 16:26



QUOTE:
原帖由 小草 于 2010-6-24 16:26 发表
I would like to see from the perspective of a student in general and a candidate in particular.  Preferrably, I would regard myself as a school student of various subjects even though I'm a worki ...

Thanks for your opinion. As I said this book was written with a specific purpose i.e. in the words of the writer, it is to help officials in their use of written English as a tool of their trade. “The difficulty,” said Robert Louis Stevenson (the author who
wrote the English classic《Treasure Island》),”is not to write, but to write what you mean, not to affect your reader, but to affect him precisely as you wish.” (I quoted from the prologue of the book).

[ 本帖最后由 苏杭 于 2010-6-25 21:38 编辑 ]

苏杭 Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6Rank: 6 2010-6-25 21:08

发表评论


本文章已关闭或您没有权限发表评论。




当前时区 GMT+8, 现在时间是 2022-12-1 13:57

    本论坛支付平台由支付宝提供
携手打造安全诚信的交易社区 Powered by Discuz! 5.0.0  © 2001-2006 Comsenz Inc.
Processed in 0.012448 second(s), 9 queries , Gzip enabled

清除 Cookies - 联系我们 - 随笔南洋网 - Archiver