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关於“笑”的英语
关於“笑”的英语

兹将英文中表示“笑”这个意思的字类,详述如下:

(1)Laugh (笑)

They all laughed loudly 。
(他们都大声笑了。)

He laughs best who laughs last。
(别高兴得太早。)

(2)smile (微笑)

He smiled his consent。
(他微笑以示同意。)

She smiled to see the children so happy。
(她看到孩子们这样高兴,也为之莞尔。)

(3)grin(露齿而笑)

He was grinning with delight。
(他高兴得露齿而笑。)

The boy grinned from ear to ear when I gave him an apple。
(当我给那孩子一个苹果时,他裂口而笑。)

(4)chuckle(含笑;咯咯的笑;低声微笑)

He was chuckling to himself over what he was reading。
(他对所读的东西觉得有趣,因而暗自发笑。)

(5)giggle(傻笑;格格地笑)

The silly school girls giggled。
(女学生们傻笑。)

I heard them giggled when I passed by the girls。
(当我走过那些女孩子身边时,我听到她们格格地笑。)

(6)snicker(忍笑;暗笑)

On hearing his absurd opinion, I went snickering。
(听了他那荒谬的意见,我忍笑而去。)

(7)simper(假笑;痴笑)

He simpered at my word。
(他闻我言而痴笑。)

When I told him the thing, he simply simpered。
(当我把那事告诉他时,他只假笑了一下。)

(8)smirk(傻笑;得意地笑;假笑)

He smirks at everyone that passes。
(他对过路的每个人傻笑。)

An innocent smile of a child is much above the artificial smirk of a person in social intercourse。
(一个小孩子的天真的微笑,实远胜於社交场中的假笑。)

(9)titter(窃笑;忍笑)

The girls tittered(=giggled)
(女孩子们格格笑了。)

He told me that with a titter。
(他笑着告诉我。)

(10)roar(哄笑;大笑)

His jokes set the table in a roar。
(他的笑话使一座哄笑。)

They roared with laughter。
(他们哄然大笑。)

(11)guffaw(喧笑;狂哭;捧肚大笑)

Everybody in the room surprised at him as he guffawed on the occasion。
(当他在那场合捧肚大笑时,房间里的人都吃了一惊。)

The crowd laughs and guffaws as soon as they see the ridiculous manner of the buffoon。
(大家一见小丑那种滑稽样子,立刻哄堂大笑。)

(12)cachinnate(放声大笑)

He cachinnated till his sides ached。
(他笑得肚皮都痛了。)

(13)horselaugh(高声大笑)

He burst out into a horselaugh。
(他突然高声狂笑。)

(14)cackle(呵呵大笑)

Those cackles from young male throats, the cultivated whoops from the girls, and the throb of the record player could mean another of the impromptu parties。
(那些男孩子们的呵呵笑声,女孩子们训练有素的呼啸声,以及留声机发出的蓬折声,适足以说明这又是一次临时的舞会。)

(15)chortle(欢笑;咯咯地笑)

The children chortled all the time。
(孩子们始终欢笑不止。)

(16)ridicule(嘲弄;讪笑)

Doctors are often ridiculed in the plays。
(医生们常在戏剧里被嘲弄。)

(17)deride(讥笑)

They all derided his foolishness。
(他们都讥笑他的愚笨。)

(18)mock(嘲笑)

The students mocked the seriousness of his expression。
(学生们模仿他严肃的神色嘲弄。)

The naughty boys mocked the blind beggar。
(淘气的孩子们愚弄那瞎了眼的乞丐。)

(19)taunt(笑骂)

He taunted me beyond endurance。
(他笑骂我不能忍受。)

He taunted him into taking the dare。
(他们揶揄笑骂他使他接受挑战。)

(20)twit(揶揄;挖苦)

He twitted her with her timidity。
(他揶揄她的胆却。)

(21)scoff(嘲笑)

It was a great invention but at first many people scoffed at it。
(那是一个伟大的发明,但起初许多人都加以怀疑的嘲笑。)

(22)banter(戏谑;愚弄)

We bantered him on the subject of marriage。
(我们在婚姻题目上戏谑了他。)

(23)rally(挖苦;嘲笑)

The boys rallied John on his short haircut。
(孩子们嘲笑约翰剪短发。)

(24)chaff(戏弄;恶作剧)

The boys chaffed the French boy about his mistakes in speaking English。
(这些孩子们由於那个法国孩子说错了英语而开他的玩笑。)

(25)jeer(讥笑)

You may jeer, but can you do any better?
(你固然可以讥笑,但你也不能做得更好。)

(26)gibe,jibe(讥笑;嘲弄)

They gibed at his singing。
(他们嘲笑他唱的歌。)

(27)sneer(讥诮)

The proposal was sneered down。
(那建议被人以讥诮槟斥。)

“Bah!” he sneered with a curl of his lips。
(呸!他嘴唇一撇地讥诮着。)

(28)jest(取笑;开玩笑)

Many a true word is spoken in jest。
(很多认真的话都被当作笑话讲了。)

Don’t jest about serious things。
(正经事不要开玩笑。)

(29)joke(开玩笑)

I was only joking。
(我只是开玩笑的。)

They often joked him on his baldness。
(他们常揶揄他的秃头。)

(30)scorn(嘲笑)

They laughed him to scone。
(他们嘲笑他。)

He is a scone to his neighbours。
(他是邻居嘲笑的对象。)

(31)flout(嘲笑;侮慢)

Don’t flout at me。
(不要嘲笑我。)

He often flout at religion。
(他常嘲笑宗教。)

(32)risible(能笑的)

Man is the only risible animal。
(人类是唯一能笑的动物。)

(33)laughable(可笑的)

It is a laughable story。
(好笑的故事。)

(34)ludicrous(滑稽可笑的)

What a ludicrous thing it is。
(多么可笑的事。)

(35)absurd(荒谬可笑的)

Isn’t that absurd?
(那岂不可笑?)


(摘自钱歌川著《英文疑难详解续篇》)


[ 本帖最后由 苏杭 于 2008-11-2 21:08 编辑 ]

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