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海藻

2018-07-28 07:38:37

天气: 晴朗 心情: 高兴

Algae.

(Alga, singular; Algae, plural.)

(Alga --- L’ Ga.   Algae --- L’ Je.)

 

英语汉译。

海藻。

01/2016

 

Algae are simple organisms that live in oceans, lakes, rivers and damp mud.

海藻是生长在海洋,湖泊,河流和湿水软泥里,结构简单的生物体。

 

Some algae live inside small transparent animals.

有些海藻在小型,透明动物体内生长。

 

Algae vary from single-celled microscope organisms to huge fronds of seaweed (brown algae) over 60m long.

海藻品种繁多;它们有单细胞,极小体型生物体,也有称为棕色海藻,大到体长超过60米的海草植物体。

 

The smallest float freely, but others, such as seaweeds, need a place to grow like a plant.

最小的无拘束地在水里漂浮,可是其他的,譬如海草,需要有个地点,像树秧那么样生长。

 

Algae are so varied and often live very differently from plants, so scientists put them not in the plant kingdom but in a separate kingdom called the Proctista, along with slime moulds.

海藻品种那么地繁多,同时许多品种和一般植物的生长姿态十分有差异,科学家们那就不把它们规画在植物的范畴里,而是像软泥模子那么地归属于Proctista范畴

 

The most ancient algae are called blue-green algae or cyanobacteria and are put in the same kingdom as bacteria. They appeared on Earth 3 billion years ago.

最世代久远的海藻称为蓝青海藻,或称cyanobacteria,和细菌归属同一个种类。它们在三十万万(3 billion3,000,000,000)年前在地球上出现。

 

Algae may be tiny but they are a vital food source for creatures from shrimps to whale, and they provide most of the oxygen water creatures need for life.

海藻可能是纤小的,可是它们是从小虾到鲸鱼那些生物的主要食料,同时它们提供海洋生物养命所需氧气的一大部份。

 

Green algae are found mostly in freshwater. The green is the chlorophyll that enables plants to get their energy from sunlight.

青海藻大多在淡水里生长。那青色的是让植物从阳光取得能的叶绿素。

 

Green algae called Spirogyra form long threads.

称为Spirogyra的青海藻组成长线条。

 

Red or brown algae are found in warm seas. Their chlorophyll is marked by other pigments.

红色或棕色海藻在温海里可以见到。它们的叶绿素有别的色素。

 

Voluox are green algae that live in colonies about the size of a pinhead, containing up to 60,000 cells.

Voluox是在针头大小的范围内群集生长的青海藻。那么样的一个群体包藏着多到六万个细胞。

 

 


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