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有毒的海生大蛇。

2018-05-05 18:07:50

天气: 晴朗 心情: 高兴

引述系列。

Series of quotations.

英语汉译

Venomous Sea Serpents

有毒的海生大蛇。

06/2014

 

Marine snakes are another group of reptiles that have found their way back to the sea. There is a surprisingly large number of species, all confined to the Indian Ocean and adjacent ---

海蛇是另一种找到了返回大海的途径的爬行类动物。有叫人惊讶的许多品种,全都局限在印度洋,和相连的一些澳洲附近的太平洋地区。澳洲的Great Barrier Reef大珊瑚礁,是超过30个海蛇品种的家;那些动物都佩戴着烈性的毒质尖牙。海蛇虽然一般上并没有攻击性,可是人们知道olive sea snake(橄榄海蛇)攻击潜水员和游泳者,也可能是最致命的一个品种。

 

Two main features distinguish sea snakes from land species. One is a flattened, paddle-shape tail for making eel-like swimming movements, and the second is ---

海蛇和陆居蛇类之间的区别,最主要的特征有两项。其一,海蛇的尾巴扁平,像桨的模样,用它像鳝鱼那么地游泳。其二,海蛇的头部小,上身也小,让它轻易地钻进沙里,捕捉沙鳗和小鱼。和其他的爬行类相同,海蛇用肺呼吸。可是它们可以潜伏水里一个小时甚至更久,才升回水面补充空气的供应。

 

Sea kraits, found in the Pacific islands and South East Asia, return to the land to lay their eggs. However, the majority of species are livebearing, producing between two --- 

在太平洋岛屿,和东南亚见到的sea kraits、金环蛇,走回陆地产卵。但是大多数的品种是胎生的,它们在海里产下两条到十条胎生小蛇。曾经有过多次报告,说在一年的一些季节里,海蛇生产一大群的小蛇,通常为数几千条。[所说‘livebearing’,依照文句走势所说,我猜是胎生的意思。]

 

Picture Above: The reputation of the sea snake as a lethal aggressive animal is, perhaps, not well founded, as most species tend to avoid confrontation. However, --- 

上图:海蛇被说是致命,攻击性的动物,或者并不确实;那是因为大多数的品种都回避对抗。可是,潜水者在面对那么的有毒动物的时候应该小心。

 

Picture Below: Banded sea snakes are a docile species, with poorly developed fangs and venom glands. They are widely distributed over the Indian --- 

下图:有条纹的海蛇是一种驯良的品种。它们的毒牙和毒囊都不发达。它们在印度洋和太平洋里广泛地散布着。这个品种属于在海里胎生的那一类。

 

Picture Right: All sea snakes are carnivorous, feeding on a wide range of fish or their eggs. Some species hunt small fish, using their venomous fangs to --- 

右图:所有的海蛇都是肉食的,它们吃多个种类的鱼和它们的卵。有些品种猎食小鱼,先用毒牙麻醉它们。其他的品种只吃鱼卵。有些深钻到沙质海床去捕捉钻沙的鳝鱼。海蛇使用它敏感的嗅觉和味觉寻找猎物。

 

Picture Below: Sea snakes are particularly well represented and common in the waters of the Philippines. Fishermen and divers need to take great care --- 

下图:在菲律宾的水域里,海蛇是常见的。在摸索珊瑚礁洞穴和裂缝的时候,渔夫和潜水者须要特别小心,以免骚扰到歇息着的海蛇。有些海蛇品种采用了警告颜色配搭。有些则伪装以自卫。

 

Picture Above: The sea snake is an air-breathing animal that must regularly return to water surface. However, most species can remain submerged for an hour or more. They are mainly found in shallow waters.

上图:海蛇是用肺呼吸的动物,它们必须按时走回水面。可是大多数的品种可以潜在水里一小时甚至更久。它们大多都在浅水里生活

 

Picture Below: Of all the sea snakes, the olive sea snake is regarded as the most dangerous. Unlike other species, it has a reputation for approaching divers and attacking ferociously. Thankfully, few attacks end with a bite.

下图:在所有的海蛇之中,olive sea snake(橄榄海蛇)被认定是最危险的。和别的品种不相同,人说它向潜水者走近,凶猛地攻击他们 --- 幸亏攻击是很少连带咬人的。(!)

 

 


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